||Types of Damage Due to Hurricane Winds
|Very dangerous winds will produce some damage: Well-constructed
frame homes could have damage to roof, shingles, vinyl siding and gutters. Large branches of trees will snap and shallowly
rooted trees may be toppled. Extensive damage to power lines and poles likely will result in power outages that could
last a few to several days.
|Extremely dangerous winds will cause extensive damage: Well-constructed
frame homes could sustain major roof and siding damage. Many shallowly rooted trees will be snapped or uprooted and
block numerous roads. Near-total power loss is expected with outages that could last from several days to weeks.
|Devastating damage will occur: Well-built framed homes may incur
major damage or removal of roof decking and gable ends. Many trees will be snapped or uprooted, blocking numerous roads.
Electricity and water will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm passes.
|Catastrophic damage will occur: Well-built framed homes can sustain
severe damage with loss of most of the roof structure and/or some exterior walls. Most trees will be snapped or uprooted
and power poles downed. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last weeks
to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months.
|157 mph or higher
137 kt or higher
252 km/h or higher
|Catastrophic damage will occur: A high percentage of framed homes
will be destroyed, with total roof failure and wall collapse. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential
areas. Power outages will last for weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months.
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. This scale estimates
potential property damage. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential
for significant loss of life and damage. Category 1 and 2 storms are still dangerous, however, and require preventative measures.
In the western North Pacific, the term "super typhoon" is used for tropical cyclones with sustained winds exceeding